Ovulation • Ovulation usually occurs between 9 & 16 days before the next menstrual period. • Ovulation and pregnancy are most likely as soon as a woman notices a moist vaginal discharge. • The idea that ovulation will be precisely 14 days before a menstrual period is not necessarily true, and mucus discharge might be a more accurate indicator. • Generally the longer one has used hormonal contraceptives, the longer it takes to fall pregnant • Fertility is compromised in smokers and quitting improves her chances of falling pregnant and reduces the chance of miscarriage. Smoking & Drinking • The only known safe limit of alcohol and recreational drugs in pregnancy is none! • Heavy alcohol intake in pregnancy is associated with a numerous problems, including poor brain development • In smokers the blood vessels leading to the placenta are more likely to have abnormalities, which mean that the placenta is mostly thinner and more fragile. • The placenta is baby’s life-support system so oxygen and nutrient supply to baby, and waste disposal away from baby are affected when smoking in pregnancy. Diet & Nutrition Sugar • Sugary soda drinks are unhealthy. They often contain substantial amounts of caffeine which is a stimulant and can make baby restless and keep the mom-to-be from much-needed restful sleep in pregnancy. • Each can of sweetened soda cold drink contains a very high level of sugar, which means the body must produce a lot of insulin very quickly to break this down. • Regular consumption of sweet beverages can for a series of complex reasons make diabetes more likely in pregnancy as well as possibly leading to unhealthy weight gain. • An occasional glass will not cause vast problems, but do be aware that regular use will also put baby more at risk of blood sugar problems, allergies and intolerances. • When craving something sweet, rather have a few pecan nuts or a sweet fruit like a banana before reaching for a chocolate.
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